For Labor Day, facts about US jobs and workers

Latest From Brookings

President Donald Trump has made it clear that the condition of U.S. workers and the economy is a priority for his administration and he has pledged to increase the number of U.S. jobs and decrease the unemployment rate. Trump’s economic plan aims to create 25 million new jobs over the next decade, a plan the described as “the most pro-growth, pro-jobs, pro-family plan put forth perhaps in the history of our country.”
So who in America isn’t working? And what determines labor force participation and unemployment rates in the U.S.? Research from Brookings highlights who in America is not working and why.
The out-of-work are a diverse group and there is no one-size-fits-all solution
The question of how to help people find work is more usefully conceptualized as “what works best for whom?” To better understand Americans on the sidelines of the labor market, Martha Ross and Natalie Holmes of the Metropolitan Policy Program used cluster analysis to sort out-of-work people at the local level into different groups most likely to benefit from similar types of employment-related assistance, based on their demographic characteristics and work history. Correspondingly, they identified a number of evidence-based employment, education, and training strategies suitable for the different groups, including bridge programs for people with low reading and math skills, two-generation programs for parents of young children, and transitional jobs/social  enterprise for people with very limited work experience.
About 24 million “prime-age” Americans  are not in the labor force
Of the nearly 38 million men and 56 million women over the age of 16 who are not in the labor force, more than 7 million men and 16 million women are between 25 and 54 years old, according to a Hamilton Project report.

The report also details reasons why these nearly 24 million men and women of prime working age were not in the labor force in 2016. Caregiving is an …

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